Laparoscopy is a procedure to look inside of the abdomen and pelvis using a laparoscope which is a special telescope to which a light source and camera are attached. The tool is about as thick as a pen and about 12cm long. With the help of the laparoscope, the ovaries, outside area of the tubes and uterus and other organs inside the abdomen can be viewed. It is commonly used to find the cause of symptoms such as pelvic and abdominal pain.
A laparoscopic surgery, also known as 'key-hole surgery' or 'minimal invasive surgery', is used to treat cysts, endometriosis, fibroids, perform hysterectomy and even pelvic floor reconstruction. Compared to traditional surgery, laparoscopy is less painful, promises quick recovery and entails a shorter hospital stay. However, laparoscopy can also be used to investigate the reasons for infertility.
Laparoscopy is the incision of small cuts in the abdomen through which a laparoscope and specialized surgical instruments are inserted. The laparoscope makes it possible to see the reproductive organs such as the ovaries. The specialized surgical instruments will then be used as guided by the image that is seen of these organs to perform surgery on whatever the problem could be.
This procedure has quicker recovery and smaller scars than most forms of surgery, and is relatively painless even after the general anesthesia administered wears off. These are safe procedures that are carried out today to address the infertility problem in women and have achieved reasonable success.